The most widely reported statistic throughout the world of measuring economic performance is Gross Domestic Product. Gross Domestic Product or GDP is the market value of all final goods and services produced within a nation’s geographic borders during a period of time, usually a quarter or a year.
Circular Flow diagram also called the circular flow model is perhaps the simplest diagram in economics to understand the activity in the economy.
The circular flow model shows,firstly the relationship between households and firms,and secondly how they interact with one another in two markets,namely,in goods and services market and the factor of production market. Continue reading
To measure the economic performance of an economy,the first measure is the Gross Domestic Product or GDP in short. It is an important economic statistic/data because it provides the best estimate of the market value of all final goods and services produced by an economy in one year. It is usually used to measure and compare economic outputs of various countries around the world. It allows us to compare the total output level of one country to the total output level of another country with ease.
GDP is measured in monetary value or cash value of all final goods and services produced in a year . GDP measures two things at once- the total income of everyone in the economy and the total expenditure on economy’s output of goods and services. A higher GDP means more output from an economy and typically a stronger economy. Continue reading
In this episode we’ll look on the impact on Production Possibilities Frontier caused by the change in technology or resources.
Limited resources means limited output. Necessity of choice is created. Choice is reflected in the need of the society to select among the various attainable combinations lying on the PPC.
Economic growth (shifts outward of the curve) occurs because of productive expansion.
PPF change with shifters like
1. Change in resources quantity/quality
2. Change in technology.
3. Change in trade
Welcome to another episode of my podcast.In this episode we’ll look on defining economics. Economics is defined as a social science that aims to satisfy how the society allocates it’s scarce resources to satisfy the society’s unlimited needs and wants in the most efficient way. Since resources are limited (scarce) and the needs and wants are unlimited, therefore, we can say that economics is the study of how people make choices.
MUMBAI – As the world struggles to recover from the global economic crisis, the unconventional monetary policies that many advanced countries adopted in its wake seem to have gained widespread acceptance. In those economies, however, where debt overhangs, policy is uncertain, or the need for structural reform constrains domestic demand, there is a legitimate question as to whether these policies’ domestic benefits have offset their damaging spillovers to other economies.
More problematic, the disregard for spillovers could put the global economy on a dangerous path of unconventional monetary tit for tat. To ensure stable and sustainable economic growth, world leaders must re-examine the international rules of the monetary game, with advanced and emerging economies alike adopting more mutually beneficial monetary policies.
To be sure, there is a role for unconventional policies like quantitative easing (QE); when markets are broken or grossly dysfunctional, central bankers need to think innovatively. Indeed, much of what was done immediately after the collapse of US investment bank Lehman Brothers in 2008 was exactly right, though central bankers had no guidebook. Continue reading